Three architecture and planning students noted that the "latest" (1999) Star Wars movie [The Phantom Menace] offered "a variety of urban development options" in a San Diego Tribune story headlined "How would you like to live on a Star Wars' world." The article included illustrations of Coruscant ("completely covered by development" and "surrounded by mile-high skyscrapers"), including views from the Jedi Council building, and the city of Theed (inspired by an 18th century palace near Naples, Italy). On Coruscant, "development extends miles below the surface of the city and up into the clouds."
The "urban future" has also been depicted in Blade Runner where "the setting is a grimy, crime-ridden Los Angeles in the 21st century". The architecture of Star Wars may also have been influenced by Stanley Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey. The designs continued Lucas' work from his first feature film, THX 1138, which featured a claustrophobic, Orwellian "subteranean world of black-and-white spaces" where the population is subdued with drugs and kept under constant surveillance.